THE COMPLEX NATURE OF CHRONIC PAIN
WHAT YOUR PAIN IS REALLY TRYING TO TELL YOU
Pain is one of the body's most important communication tools.
Just imagine, for instance, what would happen if you felt nothing when you put your hand on a hot stove. Pain is one way the body tells you something is wrong and it needs attention.
Pain, whether it comes from a bee-sting, broken bone or long-term illness, is also an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience. It has multiple causes and people respond to it differently.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF PAIN
Acute pain - is the body's normal response to damage such as a cut, infection or physical injury. Normally lasts for less than 3 months. If not treated properly, acute pain can become chronic when the cause is difficult to treat.
Chronic Pain - is pain longer than three months. Normally associated with long-term illness such as Back Ache, Osteoarthritis, Fibromyalgia etc.
Chronic pain can be a result of damaged tissues but often attributed to damaged nerves.
Both Acute and Chronic pain can be debilitating and both can affect and be affected by the person's state of mind. Those suffering with Chronic pain due to its ongoing and constant discomfort are more susceptible to psychological consequences such as depression and anxiety. At the same time psychological distress can amplify the pain.
Chronic pain can exist after an injury or disease has been healed.
THE CONNECTION BETWEEN EMOTIONAL STRESS, TRAUMA AND PHYSICAL PAIN
Studies have shown that chronic pain might not only be caused by physical injury but also by stress and emotional issues.
Emotional stress can lead to stomach aches, irritable bowel syndrome, headaches and other physical complaints and chronic pain. Studies have found that the more anxious and stressed people are, the more tensed and constricted the muscles are and over time the muscles will become fatigued and inefficient.